From Namespedia - Names Meaning and Origins
Georgian is the official language of the Republic of Georgia(a country located in the Caucasus)and is spoken by around 4 million people. It is also spoken in Azerbaijan, Iran, northeastern Turkey, Russia, USA and Europe(another 500 00 people).
Dialects of Georgian include: In Turkey: Imeretian, Racha-Lechkhumian, Gurian, Adjaran, Imerkhevian. In Azerbaijan:Kartlian, Kakhetian, Ingilo. In Iran:Tush, Khevsur, Mokhevian, Pshavian, Fereydan.
Georgian is the literary language for those who speak other South Caucasian languages: Svans, Mingrelians, and the Laz. Judaeo-Georgian(or "Kivruli").Georgian has an old literary tradition. The oldest literary text in Georgian ever found was written in the 5th century AD. The origins of Georgian writing are uncertain, though it was presumably a free adaptation of the Greek alphabet.The modern Georgian alphabet has 28 consonants and five vowels, and the script is round-form cursive.
The Georgian word derivation system allows the derivation of verb roots to nouns. Here are some examples: From ts'er ("write")we obtain ts'erili ("letter") and mts'erali ("writer"). From tsa ("give")we obtain gadatsema ("broadcast"). The word gamotsda ("exam") is derived from the root tsda ("try"). The words tvitmprinavi ("plane") and aprena ("take-off") are derived from the root pr ("fly"). Or we can derive verbs from nouns: From omi ("war")we obtain omob ("wage war"). The verb sadilob ("eat lunch") is derived from the noun sadili ("lunch"). And of course verbs can be derived from adjectives: From ts'iteli ("red"), the verbs gats'itleba ("to blush" and "to make one blush") are derived. From brma ("blind"), the verb dabrmaveba ("to become blind" and "to blind someone") is derived.
Articles in category "Georgian"
There are 6 articles in this category.